Understand the Process of Product Testing
Industries make most of the products we use in our lives. These goods that we get from industries include drugs, foods, cosmetics, electrical appliances, hardware among others. To make these products, the manufacturers use different raw materials. The effect of these goods on the people using them or the environment may sometimes be unknown and exposing them to the public without testing might be risky. This reason has made it necessary for al consumer products to be tested before use.
Product testing is also called comparative testing or consumer testing. It is the series of tests performed on products while still in the factory before they can make their way into the market. Since sometimes it is impossible to test every product, a representative sample is used for testing. The results obtained are then taken as the overall representative of the other products. For a product to make it to the market, it has to have undergone a series of tests. Let us see some of the tests performed on consumer products before their release for use.
Food, cosmetics and drugs undergo a test only designed for them. These products are first of all tested on animals before any trial on human subjects. The basic requirement for testing a product on an animal is that the animals being used for testing the product have to be protected. When doing the tests on an animal, the manufacturer hopes that the effects of the drug, food or cosmetic will yield the same results when tested on humans. Testing of products on animals involves two tests namely oral and dermal tests. Oral tests are for testing the effects of the product on humans and animals when ingested. Dermal tests are the tests administered to the animals to evaluate the effect of products on the skin of human and animals If a product passes animal tests, it can then be done on human subjects.
Animal testing is however not done on products we do not consume. Vehicles, mobile phones, televisions, utensils and other like items are examples in this category. Tests done on these type of products are specific to the expected use of the product. How these tests are done is by replicating real-life use environment of the products with a similitude of an environment. Stresses and all other dynamics that are bound to face the product in real life scenarios are created artificially and imposed on the product. Some of these tests based on the use of different product may include light, noise, wind, vibrations and many more.
Finally, a product has to be subjected to environmental tests before its release. Tests to determine how harmful the products or its residues are to the environment are done in this phase of testing. Decomposition of the products as well as the release of any harmful gases are the things environmental tests focus on. A product cannot be released for use if it fails in this area.